The ideal droplet size is a balance between smaller droplets increasing the rate of vaporization, and larger droplets improving penetration into the cylinder head. Calculators to determine the exact size fluid nozzle for your Paint Gun enter highlighted cells information only Calculator 1 is based on percent solids of material if you do not have a technical data sheet available Step 1 Perform a Flow Rate Test if using a spray gun if considering an airless or air assist airless use the chart at the bottom. My Account | Log In Full Cone Spray Nozzles. The steam mass flow rate through the nozzle can vary from 1. Select nozzles. 25 SAM IL INDUSTRY CO. Reducing the engine speed causes the nozzle flow rate as well as the travel speed to decrease, although not proportionately. Spray Nozzle Droplet Size Calculation. 22 gallon per minute (gpm). In general, devices that control and guide the fluid in its path into, through and out of the element have coefficients nearer to unity (e. 25 * Q) / A 96. of the pipe is given by two equivalent formulas: Using the diameter of. 3" OD Min Flow Rate - 120 GPH Optimal Flow Rate - 300 - 450 GPH 3/4" Specifications: Dimensions - 2. To calculate speed: MPH = 136. We have other process constraints on flow rates so we want to build the best nozzle possible for the process. Like all CPA products, the CPA Flow Nozzle is available in a wide range of materials and can be customized to suit your specific needs. 10) For the tank shown in Figure below, calculate the volume flow rate of water from the nozzle. The ISA 1932 nozzle is commonly used outside of the USA (ASME, 1971). one must calculate the pressure. Results The following constants were used in the analysis: specific heat of dry air, γ: 1. Select A Language. The water density is 1. Air Blast Flow Calculator - built specifically for calculating the GPA of Air Blast configurations. 438 7/16- drill 0. Injector Flow Rates At Different Pressures Once an injector is manufactured, the flow rate can not be altered. Includes 53 different calculations. Notes: Sprayer calibration bottles or kits are available from a number of suppliers. The flow in the thermally insulated nozzle is calculated to determine the fluid friction coefficient, the temperature of the thermally insulated wall, and the recovery coefficient as a function of the injection rate. A nozzle with a radius of 0. (1996) in Agronomy from the Ohio State University. The rate at which a liquid flows will vary according to area of the pipe or channel through which it is passing and the velocity of the liquid. For Example: You have a 0. The required capacitv of the nozzle is determined by the fuel flow rate w f = 0. If the air flow rate is 2 kg/s, calculate i) the rate of heat transfer to the air, ii) the power output from the turbine assuming no heat loss, and iii) the velocity at exit from the nozzle, assuming no heat loss. -Example #2 is #20 nozzles flow. 20GPM each so eight flow 1. Now you should take the lowest flow number that you determined earlier and divide it by the flow of a single misting nozzle. The higher the gpm passing through a hose, the more turbulance and friction loss will result. Nz - Nozzle Orifice Area [in. As im using the water meth to tuning purposes now when my injectors max out at 4000rpm. Some of these characteristics reflect the properties of the liquid itself, and others focus on how the fluid is moving. Using Hilborn nozzle flow numbers and nozzle diameters, the VA factor was calculated for each nozzle. To the left, the nozzle size and corresponding operating pressures are now visible. A fluid will try to flow from high pressure to low pressure. Extended Range (ER) The ER tip (made from polyacetal material) offers a consistent pattern and coverage across ranging pressures, down to 15 psi, making it a great fit with automatic rate controllers. Use this calculator to determine the flow rate of any nozzle at any operating pressure. SMOOTH-BORE NOZZLES Smooth bore nozzles generate effective streams at nozzle pressures as low 30 PSI, but the stream will degrade at pressures over 60 PSI. In other words, in order to get pump maximum of 15 L/min, it is not needed to have 170 bar pressure. Find the water mass flow rate at the nozzle outlet O shown in Fig. • You know the application rate. Now that we know the velocity and the flow rate at the end of the nozzle, we can calculate the energy available, and therefore the power that is energy per unit time, or Watts. 25 = constant that converts gallons per minute (GPM) to inches per hour. This is particularly applicable to hand-move, or wheel-line, irrigation systems. 7 x 10-6 x 27. 21 GPM at 80 psi. The average home uses about 20 gallons of water a day per person from faucets. In general i. 24 GPM = 12. Need additional help, talk to one of our experts. 250 1/4- drill 0. The following fields are not valid or are empty:. The Cv was designed for use with liquid flows, it expresses the flow in gallons per minute of 60º F water with a pressure drop across the valve of 1 psi. Spray Nozzle Droplet Size Calculation. ,) as show in the diagram. Differential Pressure Flow Elements DS/DP–EN Rev. A venturi tube can also be used to mix a liquid with a gas and siphon into. Nozzle Selection Formula. bypass) must be taken into account when calculating the pump's flow rate. The long radius nozzle is a variation of the ISA 1932 nozzle. download the script: Nozzle and Diffuser For more analyses of compressible flow through nozzles and diffusers, click the topic "Gas Dynamics" please: Gas Dynamics A nozzle is a device which accelerates fluid. , the ratio of the mass flow rate at the discharge end of the nozzle to that of an ideal nozzle which expands an identical working fluid from the same initial conditions to the same exit pressures. Simplify3D calculates it as nozzle width × 1. 022 lb/sec = 1. section) and compare it to the flow rates shown in the nozzle tables on pages 14-28. You can clearly see the droplet size each type of nozzle will produce based on the rate, speed, and spacing you use. 71D 2 *sqrt(NP) To calculate the theoretical reaction force use this formula: Nozzle Reaction=1. Flow Rate Q = Volume / Time. 25 GPM when operated within a desired pressure range. 04GPM each at 30PSI and using. In fire protection engineering, the K-factor formula is used to calculate the discharge rate from a nozzle. Our Flow Rate Calculator will calculate the average flow rate of fluids based on the bore diameter, pressure and length of the hose. Mobile App All-important calculation and conversion programs for nozzle technology combined in one application. The new series VJ II-3 is designed for small liquid flow rates of 0. Unlike other calculators, you are NOT confined to inputting diameter in inches, velocity in miles per hour, etc. 9 gpm and 50. Sixteen desktop calculators, fourteen calculators as the web application, three calculators for Android smartphones are available at the moment. 025 to 2500 gpm (. Principle of the Venturi nozzle with critical flow is based on a fact, that under supercritical pressure ratio "downstream" and "upstream" the nozzle, gas flow is accelerated in the throat to critical velocity is equal to local speed of sound provided that there is a single-phase gas flow. There are both actual and the isentropic stagnation states for a typical gas or vapor. The rod and tube taper together to form the nozzle which the water travels between. Nozzle Flow Rate and Effective Application Rate Use this first form to determine the effective application rate of sprinklers spaced at uniform distances from each other. Instead of a flow meter, the kit came with a pressure gauge on the nozzle assembly. Let's break down the equation: PR = (96. Increasing pressure will NOT give you a proportional increase in flow rate. NP=Nozzle Pressure in PSI (Pitot Pressure, Not Pump Pressure) GPM=29. The TeeJet Orifice Plate is designed as a part of the flow regulator assembly and it functions by providing a hole in the center of the plate where liquid is able to pass through at a specific rate. 6 GPA of water at the desired pressure. Flow rate and Pressure Flow rate: In the nozzle business we are concerned with flow rate through a nozzle or sometimes flow rate through a pipe. decrease through the converging portion of the nozzle, and then increases through the diverging nozzle. 4) Flow through a rocket nozzle. 7 kg) per second for the 3 in. Problem # 2 – A Change in the System’s Air Flow Rate. Two types of nozzle are considered: the 'convergent nozzle', where the flow is subsonic; and the 'convergent divergent nozzle', for supersonic flow. When using PLA with 100 % flow rate (recommended 90 %) we have obtained a measurement of 0. After the flow has been calculated two conversion scales will be be generated showing a range of values for volume and time versus flow rate. This form will calculate how much CO2 will be needed to fill a grow room to the required level. 25 GPM when operated within a desired pressure range. Additionally, abrasive nozzle diameter selection was discussed in terms of the ratio to the orifice being used. Volumetric flow rate Q 0. Automatic fog nozzle B. Use this form to calculate the water application rate using the flow rate on an area. However, when calibrating the monitor nozzle piping for flow rates and pressure drops, larger flows are needed and thus larger diameter nozzle orifices are needed (i. properties of a nozzle (the thrust is the mass-flow-rate times the exit speed, F mv = e) are: • Nozzle size, given by the exit area, e; the actual area law, provided the entry area is large enough. 45 US Gallons per Hour (GPH) to as high as 968 US Gallons Per Minute (GPM). 1 Flow Peculiarities in the Subsonic and Transonic Parts of a Nozzle. Ex: 200 ft 1 3/4" hose with 150 gpm & 200 ft 2 1/2" hose with 300 gpm; Friction loss tables. Assault Nozzles Rated at 75 & 100 Psi. The Greenleaf Technologies nozzle calculator accurately determines the correct size nozzle for your spraying specifications. Feel Free To Browse our Flow Products: Orifice Discs , VCR® Gaskets , VCR® Glands , Conflats , Barbs , Nipples , Screws , Tubing , Custom Solutions For more information on how we calculate flow rate and orifice diameter click here. If a sprayer has. How to Calculate Flowrate. The effects on the predicted water flow are then given in three graphs where in turn two of the variables are kept constant. In this liquid range, the product portfolio of Lechler twin-fluid nozzles is extended by nozzles that produce finer droplets at small air/liquid ratios compared to Lechler Laval nozzles, while having a large spray angle. With insufficient air flow, the jet mill cannot achieve optimal results and conversely too much air flow is wasteful and costly to maintain. When we start any hydraulic calculation for a water based fire protection systems such as a fire sprinklers, water mist systems the k-factor formula is the first which we will need to use and as it is so fundamental all fire protection engineers must have a good understanding of how it works. This tool will calculate the average volumetric flow rate of a gas or liquid in any units from the total volume of gas or liquid that has flowed pass in a measured period of time. The flow rate through a commercial fire sprinkler system is the sum of the flow rates through its individual sprinklers. Applying this equation to a streamline traveling down the axis of the horizontal tube gives,. In this liquid range, the product portfolio of Lechler twin-fluid nozzles is extended by nozzles that produce finer droplets at small air/liquid ratios compared to Lechler Laval nozzles, while having a large spray angle. 20 GPM at 60 psi. Image 7: With 100 % flow rate the cube is oversized. Calculating Precipitation Rate. Convert among power and heat flow units. The long radius nozzle is a variation of the ISA 1932 nozzle. Hard Stainless. I N S T R U C T I O N S. Use this form to calculate the water application rate using the flow rate on an area. N mu 0 Force on vane F 0. Flow Rate Q = Volume / Time. Check flow rates again for any nozzles that needed to be replaced. ) point of a system you can use the Fan Laws to calculate the pressure loss for other air flow rates. Mass flow rate m is very small under these conditions, as seen in Figure 1c. Most new kitchen faucets have an aerator, the screw-on tip of the nozzle on the faucet. 7 gph Give us a total of 29. It will also determine how long it will take to fill at the given rate. 250 cm is attached to a garden hose with a radius of 0. enter this new flow rate into the filament settings. In our example, 1/2 gallon collected in 10 seconds multiplied by 6 (to equal one minute) equals 3 gallons. On the way out of the nozzle, the velocity has increased and the mass flow rate is the same so doesn't that mean momentum has increased on the way through the nozzle? That requires pressure / force and, if the nozzle is pointing off the axis of the hose, there would be a force away from the direction of the jet. , which requires that “T” nozzles be used only with the large units as small units cannot supply the dry chemical flow rate required from a “T” nozzle. These water-efficient nozzles can be easily identified by flow rates. Nozzle Flow/Reach Data Use the charts below to compare flow and reach data for Akron Brass nozzles, including smooth bore nozzles, straight stream, combination nozzles, and more. To the left, the nozzle size and corresponding operating pressures are now visible. Now we will change the air flow rate through Section 2 from 3400 CFM to 3000 CFM. The new series VJ II-3 is designed for small liquid flow rates of 0. Flow Rate Flow rate refers to the amount of liquid (typically water) that a nozzle will spray within a defined time period (minutes or hours). We then measured the axial pressure along a converging and a converging-diverging nozzle, to observe variations in Mach number and pressure to deduce the flow patterns. Flow rate can be calculated for your custom application by entering your engine data during checkout (optional) *. 0 Other Java. The new series VJ II-3 is designed for small liquid flow rates of 0. The value of skin friction factor will be decreased as area ratio becomes larger than unity. The higher the gpm passing through a hose, the more turbulance and friction loss will result. Like all CPA products, the CPA Flow Nozzle is available in a wide range of materials and can be customized to suit your specific needs. Percent increase in nozzle flow rate Flat-fan spray nozzles after 40 hour test Coverage. It has a similar performance to the. When installation requirements and flow conditions from ISO 5167 are met, standardized flow devices can provide flow rate results with good accuracy. A nozzle for a supersonic flow must increase in area in the flow direction, and a diffuser must decrease in area, opposite to a nozzle and diffuser for a subsonic flow. Answers: (a) 0. NFPA 12 Flow Calculation Method – Nozzle Orifice Size Q – Mass Flow Rate [lb/sec] SupDet® 2018. Cla-Val 40-01 and 640-01 Rate of Flow Control Valves prevent excessive flow by limiting flow to a preselected maximum rate, regardless of changing line pressure. Checking nozzle catalogs, the Spray Systems TX-4 and Delavan HC-4 cone spray nozzles have a rated output of 0. 25 = constant that converts gallons per minute (GPM) to inches per hour. Easily calculate the volumetric flow rate of a pipe (a. Filling in the variables yields the following calculation: This means, to apply 15 gpa at a speed of 8 mph with this sprayer setup, we need to select a nozzle with a flow rate of 0. Theory for this calculator can be found on pages 4-2 thru 4-5 in the 2009 edition of TP-410. We have other process constraints on flow rates so we want to build the best nozzle possible for the process. Solid Stream Spray Nozzles. Flow rate combines the variables extrusion width, layer height and print speed into a single variable that is far easier to think about in terms of your printer's abilities. Flow Rate Q = flow rate in ft 3 / second or cubic feet per second or if we are using S. 69 and the results given can be adjusted by multiplying the result by (your coefficient) /. If a sprayer has. We can use the relationship between flow rate and speed to find both velocities. 5: Nozzle flow rate chart with volumes at top makes it user friendly. Mass flow rate m is very small under these conditions, as seen in Figure 1c. Drill a hole anywhere along a pipe and snap on these nozzles. Select A Language. 45 US Gallons per Hour (GPH) to as high as 968 US Gallons Per Minute (GPM). Problem # 2 – A Change in the System’s Air Flow Rate. Brass nozzle blow guns have a 1/4" port and 20 SCFM rating. 2' When the. The steam mass flow rate through the nozzle can vary from 1. On leaving the turbine, the air is taken at a velocity of 60 m/s to a nozzle where it expands until the temperature has fallen to 5000C. a reliable electronic calculator. Simple "plug in" your values in the blanks and press the "Calculate" button. 80 mm (to create two outer layers and make the measurement more accurate) and flow rate of 100 %. The torque is either preset or, if the rotational speed is the preset value, it is determined via the flow resistance force of the sample. [Markowitz says that one produced by Barens Inc. Desired application rate is 20 GPA of 28% Nitrogen. critical pressure ratio is the pressure ratio where the flow is accelerated to a velocity equal to the local velocity of sound in the fluid; Critical flow nozzles are also called sonic chokes. Tabulated flow rates are for spraying water into air at atmospheric pressure. 68 Calculate spray pressure Calculate flow rate. A flow nozzle which is held between flanges of pipe carrying the fluid whose flow rate is being measured. Its exceptional design and impressive performance placed the rotor a cut above back then, and continuous improvements and enhancements have allowed it to remain the number one selling rotor in the world ever since. Used to back up 1 3/4” lines. take the measurements again and do the calculation again. Volume Flow Rate and Mass Flow Rate Problem A garden hose attached with a nozzle is used to fill a 25-gal container. Calculate GPM Flow rate per nozzle Select the correct size of nozzle! MATERIALS AND WEAR 0. To find that, start with your application rate in gallons per acre (gpa). 2 Selecting the Flow Rate and the Bit Nozzle Size. As shown in Fig. Applications: Unit converter for pressure, volume and flow rate. Volume flow rates which are tapped upstream of the pump's outlet cross-section for other purposes (e. Since the first critical flow nozzle 1 operates at the same upstream pressure and temperature as the second critical flow, nozzle 8, the actual flow rate through the first critical flow nozzle 1 can be calculated using the same real gas coefficient, i. If the air flow rate is 2 kg/s, calculate i) the rate of heat transfer to the air, ii) the power output from the turbine assuming no heat loss, and iii) the velocity at exit from the nozzle, assuming no heat loss. The flow from the LDC is a straight shot from the nozzle, decreasing the chance of clogging. Additionally, abrasive nozzle diameter selection was discussed in terms of the ratio to the orifice being used. Hydrant or Pipe Flush Flow Calculator: Diameter of Hydrant Nozzle Opening or Pipe (in inches): Horizontal Distance from the end of the Nozzle or Pipe Opening to the upper or outermost edge of the water where it hits the ground (keep ruler or yardstick level, extending out from the upper edge of the nozzle or pipe) (in inches):. Use our online nozzle flow rate calculator. In this liquid range, the product portfolio of Lechler twin-fluid nozzles is extended by nozzles that produce finer droplets at small air/liquid ratios compared to Lechler Laval nozzles, while having a large spray angle. Pressurize the sprayer to the desired operating pressure while it is parked. 9 x D 2 x √ P. Clamp-On Full-Cone Spray Nozzles. Flow rate can be calculated for your custom application by entering your engine data during checkout (optional) *. OSHA rated*. FM Approved FLOWBUSTER TM FLOW CHART For a given Pitot pressure in PSI, this Flow Chart will determine your Flow in GPM for the specific Nozzle diameter used. HILBORN NOZZLE FLOW CHART, at 30psi and. , there is no further flow from the needle. The new unit will quickly pay for itself in water savings and, more significantly, in reduced water heating costs. If a sprayer has. Optimization of Nozzle - Design Nozzle for given Area ration or Pressure ratio. The diameter ratio is defined. There are a number of complex equations that deal with water pump engineering. Simple modifications to Marley crossflow cooling towers permit variance in the flow rate over a wide range by varying the number of nozzles that are active as a function of the flow rate. As for the multi-hole nozzle with ten holes, considering the geometric periodicity, symmetry, and calculation. P t loss 1 = -1. It will also determine how long it will take to fill at the given rate. Misting nozzle manufacturers publish flow rates for their nozzles in gallons or liters per minute (GPM or LPM) or per hour (GPH or LPH) as it relates to different water pressures. Nozzle Diameter, once known can be used to calculate the flow for that nozzle at any pressure. First, select the column with the required pressure across the top, then read down the column to find the amount of flow of your system. 3D CFD Calculation of Injector Nozzle Flow for standard and alternative Fuels Introduction The CFD code AVL FIRE offers the possibility to simulate multi phase flow situations like they are appearing in all kind of fuel injection nozzles. The Sauter mean diameter was used for the droplet size. It allows the operator to check in advance whether this combination is acceptable. Nelson FCN® Flow Control Nozzle is designed to automatically compensate for these factors, allowing you to achieve a more uniform application of water on all parts of your field. In order to find out the maximum flow in GPM, choose the lowest of the numbers. CALCULATING FLOW RATES. Mud Weight. The calculation of this kind of flows provides. 21" (Use 2", from Pipe ID Chart = 2. Q= Flow rate. This ultra calculator is special by allowing you to choose among a great variety of units (6 for diameter and 24 each for velocity and flow rate). Or the Spray System D 4-23 and Delavan DC 4-23 disc-core nozzles have a rated output of 0. Although the flow is speeded up, the chemical reaction at the beginning part of the nozzle is faster than that downstream. Nozzle wear is denoted by an increase in the nozzle flow rate and the subsequent deterioration of spray performance. Sprinkler Irrigation Calculator for - Precipitation rate / Nozzle discharge - Lateral, Manifold, or Mainline Pipe Friction Loss and Velocity The Required Nozzle Diameter is. A Venturi meter is used to measure the flow rate through a tube or volumetric flow rate, Q. 2' When the. Back to List of Calculators. making this calculator quite versatile. There is always a small slipping in the filament from the extruder. 6 gpm and that there will be a pressure head loss of 16. nozzle spacing. accommodate the pump’s nozzle size; (3) both located less than 5D from the suction nozzle. 5 Flow Rate Coefficient and Critical. WSU Prosser - IAREC , 24106 N Bunn Rd, Prosser WA 99350-8694, 509-786-2226,. Next, find an efficient and safe ground speed in miles per hour (mph). Answers: (a) 0. Calculate the beta ratio, Reynolds number, Discharge coefficient, Mass and Volumetric flow rate of a Newtonian fluid through an ISA 1932, Long Radius, or Venturi Nozzle. 4 kg) per second for the 1 1/2 in. Ensure that a pressure change does not change the desired spray quality. Three-dimensional validations have been presented with simulation of ‘spray A’ and ‘spray H’ injectors from the Engine Combustion Network [4]. 21 GPM at 80 psi. 57*(D*D)*NP. The steam mass flow rate through the nozzle can vary from 1. For a gas as flowing fluid, instead of the density, you can enter gas constant, pressure and temperature at actual conditions. The flow rate calculator can also calculate the mass flow rate of liquids given the liquid density is known. com if you experience problems. Rain Bird 5000/5000 Plus MPR Nozzles simplify both the design process and the installation of rotors, because they reliably deliver matched precipitation rates within and between rotor radii from 25' to 35'. ,) as show in the diagram. It will not calculate how often you will need to refill the room with CO2. 36 ÷ Seconds Required to Travel 200 Feet If a sprayer travels 1 mph faster or slower than required, it will under or over apply pesticides by 5-8 gallons per acre (based on 20 gallons per acre delivery rate, 3. The maximum mass flow rate m * is reached at a pressure ratio ε * c. Calculate the mass flow rate through the system. In other words, in order to get pump maximum of 15 L/min, it is not needed to have 170 bar pressure. This nozzle can be used with any pressures above 100 psi. Convert to watt, horsepower, joules per hour, and BTU per hour. The discharge rate of the “T” nozzle is approximately 14 lb (6. Percent increase in nozzle flow rate Flat-fan spray nozzles after 40 hour test Coverage. Nz - Nozzle Orifice Area [in. Select from a list of popular spray nozzles, and input known values for PSI, ground speed and width between nozzles or rows. Mud Weight. The actual pressure at nozzle exit cannot fall below the critical flow pressure even though the downstream pressure is much lower. The conservation of mass specifies that the mass flow rate through a nozzle is a constant. Outflow velocity is 12. During this process, velocity of fluid increases with decreasing pressure. The K factor is a unique constant for that particular nozzle which should be listed in the nozzle data table. The counterweight can be determined by calculating the nozzle pressure and then the nozzle reactive force. Calculating require SCFM for a jet mill is critical to performance. We will illustrate how once you know one (CFM, S. [Nicholas J Georgiadis; Dennis A Yoder; United States. Each nozzle has a Download Tip Chart link located on the bottom of the description. changes in supersonic flow. Includes 53 different calculations. Desired application rate is 20 GPA of 28% Nitrogen. You can use this calculator for all three types of nozzles covered in standards: ISA 1932 nozzle, long radius nozzle, and Venturi nozzle. The nozzle is for 1¾-inch hoseline and contains multiple interchangeable discs that allow the user to set the flow rate of the nozzle at a specific nozzle pressure in advance of a fire. Additionally, abrasive nozzle diameter selection was discussed in terms of the ratio to the orifice being used. 25 x Total GPM Total Area. There are two possible ways to calculate the power at the turbine wheel; one is with the water jet velocity and the flow with equation (3); the other with the head and. Flow rate can be calculated for your custom application by entering your engine data during checkout (optional) *. Cavitating Venturis or Nozzles allow a liquid flowrate to be fixed or locked. 5-2004 Flow Measurement Performance Test Codes AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Three Park Avenue • New York, NY 10016. 1 Flow Peculiarities in the Subsonic and Transonic Parts of a Nozzle. Continuous curvature of the contour is ensured by defining a continuous gradient of Prandtl-Meyer angle along the nozzle axis. Figures in body of chart are in air flows in SCFM (Standard cubic feet / minute) Size Of Orifice (In. Nozzle Orientation Calculator is developed for easy, fast and simple use of this calculator while Shell Nozzle and Dish End Nozzle marking on Pressure vessel, tank or any other shell. To the left, the nozzle size and corresponding operating pressures are now visible. If the used nozzle's flow rate exceeds that of the new nozzle by more than 10%, it must be replaced. 45 US Gallons per Hour (GPH) to as high as 968 US Gallons Per Minute (GPM). 9 gpm and 50. Flow Calculation for Sonic Nozzle revised 04/16/10 m = 0. Flow Rate Flow rate refers to the amount of liquid (typically water) that a nozzle will spray within a defined time period (minutes or hours). The steam mass flow rate through the nozzle can vary from 1. 68 Calculate spray pressure Calculate flow rate. To calculate the flowrate of a fluid passing through an orifice plate, enter the parameters below. The Sauter mean diameter was used for the droplet size. Applications: Unit converter for pressure, volume and flow rate. See above figure. NP=Nozzle Pressure in PSI (Pitot Pressure, Not Pump Pressure) GPM=29. Now you should take the lowest flow number that you determined earlier and divide it by the flow of a single misting nozzle. Nozzles and orifices are often used to deliberately reduce pressure, restrict flow or to measure flow rate. Modeling the nozzle as a fixed resistance (K) requires the use of the differential pressure dynamic equation, dp = K (Density fluid /144)(v 2 /2g), rearranging to solve for K. 2' When the. Easily calculate the volumetric flow rate of a pipe (a. The discharge coefficient was theoretically calculated by applying the exact solution of laminar boundary layer of the sonic Venturi nozzle by Geropp and calculation result of velocity profile in the core flow of the nozzle by Hall. The faster you go, the greater is the slipping. Equations displayed for easy reference. com if you experience problems. The average flow rate of a kitchen faucet is 2. Wall Tk: 0. Note that in. This article provides calculation methods for correlating design, flow rate and pressure loss as a fluid passes through a nozzle or orifice. Convert to watt, horsepower, joules per hour, and BTU per hour. SMOOTH-BORE NOZZLES Smooth bore nozzles generate effective streams at nozzle pressures as low 30 PSI, but the stream will degrade at pressures over 60 PSI. As an example we have an Alky kit running a single m10 nozzle, and a m15 nozzle. It allows the operator to check in advance whether this combination is acceptable. Section 1 There is no change. This calculator also. To calculate the GPH: Fill sprayer with water. t0c Inlet total pressure (cold flow) psia P t5 Nozzle throat total pressure psia P tv Venturi nozzle throat total pressure psia P* Sonic venturi nozzle throat static pressure psia R Gas constant or calculation result for calculation uncertainty description (ft*lbf)/(sl*°R) Re Reynolds number Ro Roshko number Sa 0 Inlet stream thrust lbf Sa. The P85 and P85V are available with secondary nozzle sizes of 7/64" to 5/16". The higher the gpm passing through a hose, the more turbulance and friction loss will result. 6 GPA of water at the desired pressure. Flow Rate Flow rate refers to the amount of liquid (typically water) that a nozzle will spray within a defined time period (minutes or hours). This flow rate calculator uses flow velocity and cross-sectional flow area data to determine the volumetric flow rate of liquid. The orifice, nozzle and venturi flow rate meters use the Bernoulli Equation to calculate fluid flow rate using pressure difference through obstructions in the flow Sponsored Links In a flow metering device based on the Bernoulli Equation the downstream pressure after an obstruction will be lower than the upstream pressure before. 5: Nozzle flow rate chart with volumes at top makes it user friendly. 1 Nozzle with a Rectilinear Surface of Transition. Need knowledge of the product being used. Principle of the Venturi nozzle with critical flow is based on a fact, that under supercritical pressure ratio "downstream" and "upstream" the nozzle, gas flow is accelerated in the throat to critical velocity is equal to local speed of sound provided that there is a single-phase gas flow. The lower flow rate of Precision™ Series Spray Nozzles maximizes design efficiency and saves on overall material costs by using fewer valves and less controller stations. 3), the incompressible Bernoulli's equation describes the flow reasonably well. Check flow rates again for any nozzles that needed to be replaced. TurboDrop nozzles are known for their superiority in coverage, drift control and long term economy. To the left, the nozzle size and corresponding operating pressures are now visible. Flow rate and Pressure Flow rate: In the nozzle business we are concerned with flow rate through a nozzle or sometimes flow rate through a pipe. A reduction in system operating pressure is often an indication of increased nozzle wear, especially when positive displacement pumps are used. 719 23/32- drill 0. -Example #1 is #4 nozzles flows. A Sonic Nozzle's flowrate is adjusted with inlet pressure and is not sensitive to downstream conditions. The minimum system requirement is Microsoft Excel 97. Learn more about the units used on this page. Q= Flow rate. This tool will calculate the cross-sectional area that a substance is flowing through from the rate of volume flow and the speed of the flow. Nozzle Flow/Reach Data Use the charts below to compare flow and reach data for Akron Brass nozzles, including smooth bore nozzles, straight stream, combination nozzles, and more. : ##EQU1## where: M 1 =Actual mass flow through the first critical flow nozzle 1. SPECIFICATIONS NOZZLE TYPE - ISO 5167 NOZZLE TYPE - ASME MFC-3M SFN FLOW NOZZLES SAM IL INDUSTRY CO. Simple modifications to Marley crossflow cooling towers permit variance in the flow rate over a wide range by varying the number of nozzles that are active as a function of the flow rate. 593 19/32- drill 0. Nelson FCN® Flow Control Nozzle is designed to automatically compensate for these factors, allowing you to achieve a more uniform application of water on all parts of your field. Atmospheric pressure outside. based on a measured flow nozzle, venturi, or Orifice flow meter pressure difference. Inputs to this calculator are the nozzle type, current operating pressure and flow, desired flow or desired pressure. Sootblowing steam consumption is thus significant in this instance (Fig. 1416 x R2 x L) x. Jet Size PSI 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 26 30 35 39; Head 9. Simple "plug in" your values in the blanks and press the "Calculate" button. Given that the charts give the flow in gallons per minute (GPM). The mass flow through a nozzle with sonic flow where the minimum pressure equals the critical pressure can be expressed as. Mass flow rate of a gas at choked conditions. Greenleaf Technologies is a distributor of advanced agricultural sprayer nozzles. 20, which means that a nozzle will flatten the plastic so that the new bead is 20 % wider than the nozzle's diameter (0. M10= [email protected] psi M10 new flow rate @140psi= square root (140/100)=1. 625 nozzle is used on wood, steel, and fiberglass cooling towers where basin support structure does not obstruct the release of water. 4; reference nozzle area, A i = 0. If you already know the nozzles that you have, you can find the pressure that can be achieved. Now that we know the velocity and the flow rate at the end of the nozzle, we can calculate the energy available, and therefore the power that is energy per unit time, or Watts. gauging its flow rate using a calibration container, a stopwatch and a pressure gauge fitted to a nozzle body on the spray boom. 68 Calculate spray pressure Calculate flow rate. Use this to check all job settings (especially nozzle selection) and calculate the working speed, pressure, nozzle flow rate and droplet size. 57*(D*D)*NP. The default extrusion width is calculated by taking the nozzle width and multiplying it by a number I'll call the aspect ratio, which expresses how extruded plastic is flattened onto the new layer. SprayWare is a collection of tools and resources designed specifically to assist you with nozzle selection and spray system optimization. Hard Stainless. 22 gallon per minute (gpm). Volume Flow Rate and Mass Flow Rate Problem A garden hose attached with a nozzle is used to fill a 25-gal container. Nozzle Options. The Company. The new series VJ II-3 is designed for small liquid flow rates of 0. Akron Brass firefighting nozzles have been in existence since the early 1900's. When using PLA with 100 % flow rate (recommended 90 %) we have obtained a measurement of 0. The ideal droplet size is a balance between smaller droplets increasing the rate of vaporization, and larger droplets improving penetration into the cylinder head. At the critical velocity, the mass flow-rate of the gas flowing through the Venturi nozzle is the maximum possible for the existing upstream conditions while CFVN can only be used within specified limits, e. The K factor formula for fire protection. Outflow velocity is 12. Example: If a fog nozzle rated for a flow of 100 GPM at 100 PSI. The Required Sprinkler Flow is 2. 687 = s Momentum flow in jet at impact J = 0. com input: calculated: next smaller nozzle-Ø: operation pressure bar: flow rate l/min: nozzle-Ø mm: nozzle-size us gal/min. Customer Pickup Orders: to help reduce exposure for our customers and our employees, if you are placing an order for in-store pickup please call in your order ahead of time or place your order online and pre-pay with a credit card. Calculating require SCFM for a jet mill is critical to performance. Convert among power and heat flow units. 0 since these meters are typically installed in horizontal pipes (or the elevation difference between locations 1 and 2 is negligible). where: Pr is precipitation rate in inches per hour. 3D CFD Calculation of Injector Nozzle Flow for standard and alternative Fuels Introduction The CFD code AVL FIRE offers the possibility to simulate multi phase flow situations like they are appearing in all kind of fuel injection nozzles. Find the flow rate of your misting nozzles. Now that we know the velocity and the flow rate at the end of the nozzle, we can calculate the energy available, and therefore the power that is energy per unit time, or Watts. The minimum system requirement is Microsoft Excel 97. Calculators for pipe diameter, flow rate, pressure drop, orifice plate, Reynolds number, Venturi effect, resistance coefficient and more. Multiplying the nozzle flow rate of 0. In addition, the performance of existing systems with lower pressures can be upgraded with a simple retrofit of the pre-existing high flow nozzles. Our spray coverage calculator assists with estimating the number of spray nozzles required for a given spray angle, spray height based upon the coverage you require. Determine the correct nozzle size as follows: GPA (liquid other than water) x Conversion Factor = GPA (from table in catalog) 20 GPA (28%) x 1. As the valve is opened further, mass flow rate m increases, but the overall behavior of the pressure is the same, as seen in curve (B). Spray Nozzle Droplet Size Calculation. 56, and calculate the maximum height to which the water stream will rise. Determines which nozzles, if any, need to be cleaned or replaced based on their output. Calculate the mass flow rate through the system. critical pressure ratio is the pressure ratio where the flow is accelerated to a velocity equal to the local velocity of sound in the fluid; Critical flow nozzles are also called sonic chokes. Where: q is the flow in m 3 /s. and approximately 28 lb (12. For more exact information, use the nozzle, flow or pressure selection formulas, which are shown below. The nozzle exit area A = π x 0. Calculator covers equations: 6-29 and 6-31 applied to Nozzles. Conversion Calculators. The discharge rate of the “T” nozzle is approximately 14 lb (6. SPECIFICATIONS NOZZLE TYPE - ISO 5167 NOZZLE TYPE - ASME MFC-3M SFN FLOW NOZZLES SAM IL INDUSTRY CO. Flow Rate Calculator - Find the flow rate for your Steinen nozzle at different pressures:: Enter your system pressure (in PSI): = BAR Pick a nozzle size:. CALCULATING FLOW RATES. In other words, in order to get pump maximum of 15 L/min, it is not needed to have 170 bar pressure. The isentropic stagnation state is the state a flowing fluid would attain if it underwent a reversible adiabatic deceleration to zero velocity. For banding:. What is Volumetric Flow Rate? The volumetric flow rate, which is also commonly referred to as the rate of liquid flow or volume flow rate, is the volume of a given fluid that flows within a unit of time. 7 gph Give us a total of 29. Calculators for pipe diameter, flow rate, pressure drop, orifice plate, Reynolds number, Venturi effect, resistance coefficient and more. They are designed to make installation and adjustment faster and simpler than ever. Calculating require SCFM for a jet mill is critical to performance. Pressure (psi), flow rate (gpm), and nozzle orifice (size) are related by a fairly complicated algebraic formula. The K factor formula for fire protection. The nozzle throat cross-sectional area may be computed if the total propellant flow rate is known and the propellants and operating conditions have been chosen. The ideal droplet size is a balance between smaller droplets increasing the rate of vaporization, and larger droplets improving penetration into the cylinder head. 18 kg/sec mass flow rate at the inlet and it is minimum for the first spear and nozzle with 3952. 54 is what the D03 calcultes at usin the 100psi calculation. Q= Flow rate. Therefore the total flow requirement for my system which will have to be supplied by the pump is 12 x 12. 68 Calculate spray pressure Calculate flow rate. It will also determine how long it will take to fill at the given rate. You calculate gallons per acre this way: Gallons per acre = (GPM per nozzle x seconds per test x 8,712) / (course length x nozzle spacing in inches) Banding. Flow Rate Calculator. 04 psig respectively. Reducing the engine speed causes the nozzle flow rate as well as the travel speed to decrease, although not proportionately. 85 Water pressure [Pa] 〔1MPa=106 Pa=106 kg/(m•s2)〕 Required pressure Pressure in model number list Flow rate at pressure P1. At the other extreme of critical velocity are liquid velocity or flow rates so low, that a liquid does not properly wet out concentrically on the tip. , the ratio of the mass flow rate at the discharge end of the nozzle to that of an ideal nozzle which expands an identical working fluid from the same initial conditions to the same exit pressures. As pressure is increased, the droplet size decreases and the rate of orifice wear increases. Nozzles and orifices are often used to deliberately reduce pressure, restrict flow or to measure flow rate. ELKHARIVBRASS Fire Fighting Equipment. The "average rate" is defined as the flow rate per unit wetted area of the spray pattern and can be calculated from the discharge rate per unit length of lateral and the total. At the other extreme of critical velocity are liquid velocity or flow rates so low, that a liquid does not properly wet out concentrically on the tip. With this diameter, velocity and flow rate calculator, you can determine the exact flow rate or velocity at which water will flow through any given pipe. (i) Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook, by Richard W. Q= Flow rate. To calculate the GPH: Fill sprayer with water. The Sauter mean diameter was used for the droplet size. 85 Flow velocity immediately after nozzle [m/s] Flow rate coefficient = 0. (flow rate through the last lateral will be greater than the flow through the first lateral), especially for short manifold (L/D≤10) and sharp-edged laterals. It is derived from 60 minutes per hour divided by 7. The ideal droplet size is a balance between smaller droplets increasing the rate of vaporization, and larger droplets improving penetration into the cylinder head. (1991) in Plant Science at the University of Manitoba, and his Ph. See above figure. It is necessary to know the GPM for each head in order to determine which heads will be connected to each valve and in order to determine the size of each pipe in the sprinkler system. Below is an example taken from the DyzEnd-X with few nozzles. Constant flow fog nozzle C. The average velocity in the hose is 7 ft/s. Flow Rate Calculator. Flow Calculation from Pressure Differential Devices. The fuel injector for this small rocket engine will he a commercial spray nozzle with a 75 degree spray angle. 9 x D 2 x √ P. A Sonic Nozzle's flowrate is adjusted with inlet pressure and is not sensitive to downstream conditions. The rocket thrust calculator uses the Newton's third law and calculates the net rocket propulsion, taking into account the pressure difference between the ambient pressure and the pressure at the rocket nozzle. Formula: Q n = 28. Use this calculator to determine the flow rate of any nozzle at any operating pressure. Nozzle Flow Rate and Required Nozzle Diameter Use this first form to determine the effective application rate of sprinklers spaced at uniform distances from each other. 57*(D*D)*NP. Calculators for pipe diameter, flow rate, pressure drop, orifice plate, Reynolds number, This website is offering pipe flow calculators for everyday problem-solving in the field of fluid dynamics. Jet Size PSI 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 26 30 35 39; Head 9. In fluid dynamics, a stagnation point is a point in a flow field where the local velocity of the fluid is zero. The tank is sealed with a pressure of 20 psig above the water. allow the firefighter operating the handline to select flow rate to suit the fire and operating conditions. A range of conversion values for flow and area will also be displayed for each set of. On the way out of the nozzle, the velocity has increased and the mass flow rate is the same so doesn't that mean momentum has increased on the way through the nozzle? That requires pressure / force and, if the nozzle is pointing off the axis of the hose, there would be a force away from the direction of the jet. m c = mass flow at sonic flow (kg/s) A c = nozzle area (m 2) ρ 1 = initial density (kg/m 3). If you're not using a chart, you'll need to determine a few factors to determine the right size. 2' When the. 20 GPM at 60 psi. r each nozzles are used in practice when a precise result must to be equal to 1, (P 1 bar), the flow rate of the nozzle LIQUID SPRAY AND SPRAY NOZZLES Nozzle flow The Equation (5) has been obtained after having simplified the I In most of the practical. Turbines, fans & pumps 3. 109" (Use 7/64" nozzle from Nozzle Size chart) The required Lateral Diameter is 2. 8 gph M15 new flow [email protected]= 1. I could update flow using the standard calculation, but that results in a flow value of around 150%, which seems outlandishly high. Or the required nozzle diameter to achieve a specified flow rate given the pressure. Worn spray nozzles can increase application rates and/or change distribution patterns causing under- and over-application impacting your bottom line. Read the Pressure of the sprinkler on the top in PSI Example: 60 PSI 3. 250 cm is attached to a garden hose with a radius of 0. ) Orifice meter calculations for gas flow using ISO 5167-2:2003; Orifice meter calculations for liquid flow using ISO 5167-2:2003. Referring the chart, find the flow rate of the mist nozzle you are using. Connection is 1/8" NPT male. 5-2004 Flow Measurement Performance Test Codes AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Three Park Avenue • New York, NY 10016. Without having to use fixed arc plates, designers and installers can achieve MPR using either 5000 Series or 5000 Plus Series Rotors. section) and compare it to the flow rates shown in the nozzle tables on pages 14-28. The nozzle sits downstream of the power turbine and, while the nozzle does no work on the flow, there are some important design features of the nozzle. ) or can be calculated using Equation 1 below. The isentropic stagnation state is the state a flowing fluid would attain if it underwent a reversible adiabatic deceleration to zero velocity. 85 Water pressure [Pa] 〔1MPa=106 Pa=106 kg/(m•s2)〕 Required pressure Pressure in model number list Flow rate at pressure P1. Ensure that a pressure change does not change the desired spray quality. 21" (Use 2", from Pipe ID Chart = 2. 80 mm (to create two outer layers and make the measurement more accurate) and flow rate of 100 %. An apparatus for measuring a rate of liquid flow through a spray nozzle, the apparatus comprising: a container with an opening in a top thereof adapted to receive a liquid discharge from a spray nozzle; a level sensor comprising an electrical capacitor oriented substantially vertically in the container and configured such that as liquid rises in the container, a. This is particularly applicable to hand-move, or wheel-line, irrigation systems. The below Tip Calculator will allow you to figure your desired Gallons Per Minute per Nozzle. The discharge coefficient was calculated to be 0. Flow Rate Calculator. The effects on the predicted water flow are then given in three graphs where in turn two of the variables are kept constant. Product Name, Number or Keyword. Online calculator to quickly determine Air Flow Rate through an Orifice. 32 lb/ minute, Since there are six pounds of gasoline per gallon, the spray nozzle flow requirement is 0. What causes a liquid or gas (a fluid) to flow? With nozzle applications it's almost always a pressure difference that causes flow. 68 Calculate spray pressure Calculate flow rate. Automatic fog nozzle B. When selecting a nozzle tip it is important to consider the potential for spray drift. Simply select the option below that matches your rate of flow in GPH. On the way out of the nozzle, the velocity has increased and the mass flow rate is the same so doesn't that mean momentum has increased on the way through the nozzle? That requires pressure / force and, if the nozzle is pointing off the axis of the hose, there would be a force away from the direction of the jet. 0 GPM and 4. 02" but the diameter (area the water travels through) gradually gets. Use this calculator to determine the flow rate of any nozzle at any operating pressure. Nozzles are used in steam and gas turbines, in rocket motors, in jet engines and in many other applications. An upstream metering pump injected oil into the flow stream. The following fields are not valid or are empty:. , which requires that “T” nozzles be used only with the large units as small units cannot supply the dry chemical flow rate required from a “T” nozzle. The nozzle also sets the total mass flow rate through the engine as described on a separate slide. The required Manifold Diameter is 3. The "average rate" is defined as the flow rate per unit wetted area of the spray pattern and can be calculated from the discharge rate per unit length of lateral and the total. (1996) in Agronomy from the Ohio State University. Installing Variflow nozzle cups can effectively divide the hot water distribution basin into outboard and an inboard sections. 1, the actual expansion process in a rocket or ramjet nozzle is intermediate between the extremes of "frozen" and "equilibrium" flow, with the latter producing higher performance due. The effects on the predicted water flow are then given in three graphs where in turn two of the variables are kept constant. 025 to 2500 gpm (. The flow rate through hose and nozzle is 0. optical index assembly. This information is useful when looking at a nozzle rate chart and viewing the "Capacity One Nozzle In GPM". Nozzle Flow/Reach Data Use the charts below to compare flow and reach data for Akron Brass nozzles, including smooth bore nozzles, straight stream, combination nozzles, and more. Dear all, i found that it is possible to calculate the flow rate (FR) by the following equation: FR = Nozzle size (mm) x layer height (mm) x print speed (mm/s) = mm3/s. OSHA rated*. 44 1/4 NPT 0. Nz - Nozzle Orifice Area [in. In relation to this guide Flow rate or Extrusion multiplier (from here on out referred to as flow rate) refers to the slicer setting that determines how much plastic is being extruded. Type of Product Select Systemic or. Simple modifications to Marley crossflow cooling towers permit variance in the flow rate over a wide range by varying the number of nozzles that are active as a function of the flow rate. By default flow rate is typically set to 1. Any thoughts? Slicer: Cura. Calibrating with existing nozzles: Step 1. The nozzle throat cross-sectional area may be computed if the total propellant flow rate is known and the propellants and operating conditions have been chosen. Calculate compressible flow mass flow rate and mole flow rate through a nozzle for isentropic and isothermal flow. ) or can be calculated using Equation 1 below. 9 slugs/ft 3, and the flow is inviscid. 4 kg) per second for the 1 1/2 in. Wall Tk: 0. For this reason, published flow rates per a given orifice size are provided that allow one to operate an ultrasonic nozzle within a safe margin of exceeding critical velocity. According Equation 4 should following a mass flow rate fall. Isentropic Nozzles • Apply equations for isentropic flow with area change to nozzles • Nozzles – increases velocity of fluid (no work) – converts thermal energy to KE (T→u) • For conventional (wall-bounded) nozzles, two types: – converging – converging-diverging (CD) M≤1 0 Solve > Run calculation or Under Solution > Run Calculation In the Iterate Window that comes up, change the Number of Iterations to 500. The flow rate through a commercial fire sprinkler system is the sum of the flow rates through its individual sprinklers. It is necessary to know the GPM for each head in order to determine which heads will be connected to each valve and in order to determine the size of each pipe in the sprinkler system. This tool will calculate the cross-sectional area that a substance is flowing through from the rate of volume flow and the speed of the flow. A liquid bi-propellant rocket consists of a thrust chamber and nozzle and some means for forcing the liquid propellants into the chamber were they react, converting chemical energy to thermal energy. Select from a list of popular spray nozzles, and input known values for PSI, ground speed and width between nozzles or rows. Step 3: Calculate the reaction forces. The calculation results show that increasing the heat capacity ratio can produce an expansion contour of smaller. Gallons/minute @ 20. 8ADN nozzle sizes and flow rates are identical to standard nozzles, but since distance is adjustable, 8ADN radius performance is not shown. Bernoulli Equation The Bernoulli Equation can be considered to be a statement of the conservation of energy principle appropriate for flowing fluids. 2' When the. Outflow velocity is 12. 20 GPM at 60 psi. Input and output support metric and imperial. Calculate the speed of the water (a) in the hose and (b) in the nozzle. The Sauter mean diameter was used for the droplet size. 9 gpm and 50. -Example #1 is #4 nozzles flows. For an air-induced nozzle, the range is usually from 30 to 90 psi, so the middle is 60 to 70 psi. Bed temp: 60C. Fluid flow has all kinds of aspects — steady or unsteady, compressible or incompressible, viscous or nonviscous, and rotational or irrotational, to name a few. The fuel injector for this small rocket engine will he a commercial spray nozzle with a 75 degree spray angle. Features: Herbicide Flow Calculator - built specifically for calculating the GPA of Herbicide configurations. QUESTION 4 For the siphon shown, the distance X = 10 m and Y - 98 m, calculate the volume flow rate of water through the nozzle? Water 50-mm inside diameter 25-mm diameter. 833333333 , re-upload your firmware with the new value. Nozzle Selection Formula. Selecting Your Nozzle Size. A diffuser is a device which slows down fluid. 2 Selecting the Flow Rate and the Bit Nozzle Size. Thanks for your fast response. We will illustrate how once you know one (CFM, S. We carry weather meters, nozzles, rinse agents, air inductor nozzles, air blast nozzles, boomless spray nozzles, CP nozzles, combo jet nozzles directed branding nozzles and much much more!. If the fluid handled is compressible, a conversion must be made based. (flow rate through the last lateral will be greater than the flow through the first lateral), especially for short manifold (L/D≤10) and sharp-edged laterals. Increasing pressure will NOT give you a proportional increase in flow rate. β = d / D (1).
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